If you have VMs for all the components, then its simply Virtual Machine backup and we need to create Virtual Server subclient for that.
Create a Client for that vcenter server where these VMs are present.
And add all the VMs to a subclient.
From SP14 onwards, we have an option to create clients for discovered VMs.
This option will create VM client for all these VMs before we run backup.
Then we can modify the job priority on each VM client according to the order mentioned in the vmware link you had shared.
Use the link to set priority for each virtual machine client
Once this is done, we can run backup on this subclient. It will consider the priority order set and backup vms in that order.
Please let me know if this helps.